While U.S. nationals can freely move to American Samoa, the American Samoan government, via its Immigration Office, controls the migration of aliens to the islands. 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[114], The economic health of American Samoa reflects the trends in other populated U.S. territories, which are in turn dependent on federal appropriations. Some current and former sports clubs are the American Samoa Tennis Association, Rugby Unions, Lavalava Golf Club, and Gamefish Association. At the 2016 Republican National Convention, American Samoa's delegation said American Samoa is "the greatest exporter of NFL players". [24][30]:212 It is illegal for any person whose blood is less than one-half Samoan to own land in American Samoa. Box [21], In March 1889, an Imperial German naval force entered a village on Samoa, and in doing so destroyed some American property. A compulsory armistice was then called because of the lack of any warships.[22]. [115] Freshwater aquifers from which the local water supply is drawn are similarly threatened with seawater intrusion due to rising sea levels. Each aiga is represented by their chief in the village councils.[30]:5–6. [199][198] The Pola region of Vatia and Rose Atoll are the only places in American Samoa where there are breeding colonies of Red-footed boobies. According to figures as of 2013, the ratio between import and export is almost balanced. Butcher, Russell D. and Lynn P. Whitaker (1999). [119] Samoa Packing, a Chicken of the Sea subsidiary closed in 2009, citing both minimum wage increases and increasing foreign competition, with the latter as the "main reason". In 1983, a team coached by Dr. Adele Satele-Galeai brought home the winning trophy from the Regional Women's Volleyball Tournament in Hawai'i. In the 2014 Midterm Election, Republican Aumua Amata Radewagen defeated Eni Faleomavaega, becoming the first female and first Republican representative of American Samoa. American Samoa Community College, founded in 1970, provides post-secondary education on the islands. The 'aiga is the family unit of Samoan society, which differs from the Western sense of a family in that it consists of an 'extended family' based on the culture's communal socio-political organisation. [43], On December 15, 1916, English writer William Somerset Maugham arrived in Pago Pago, allegedly accompanied by a missionary and Miss Sadie Thompson. American Samoa Zip Codes. [77] In an amicus curiae brief filed in federal court, American Samoan Congressman Faleomavaega supported the legal interpretation that the Citizenship Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment does not extend birthright citizenship to United States nationals born in unincorporated territories. [97], U.S. nationals without U.S. citizenship (the status of most American Samoans) have the right to reside in all parts of the United States without immigration restrictions. [66] On June 2, 1967, Interior Secretary Stewart Udall promulgated the Revised Constitution of American Samoa, which took effect on July 1, 1967. [135] Instead, the government of American Samoa itself taxes the worldwide income of its residents, as well as the income generated there by nonresidents, largely under the same rules and rates as the U.S. tax code in effect in 2000,[136] with certain modifications such as a minimum tax rate of 4%[137] and an additional wage tax of 2%. Tuna products are the main exports, and the main trading partner is the rest of the United States. [106] About 65% of the population are U.S. nationals, of whom at least 10% are U.S. In 2004, at age 21, he played his first match for New Zealand against the Barbarians where he scored his first try, contributing to New Zealand's 47–19 victory that resulted in him becoming man of the match. [8] World Christian Database 2010 estimate shows the religious affiliations of American Samoa as 98.3% Christian, 0.7% agnostic, 0.4% Chinese Universalist, 0.3% Buddhist and 0.3% followers of the Baháʼí Faith. Slate’s Definitive Ranking, "American Samoa briefly in Convention lights", "American Samoa football team get first ever win", "Transgender Player Helps American Samoa to First International Soccer Win", "Next Goal Wins for 'world's worst football team, "Michael Fassbender to Star in Taika Waititi's 'Next Goal Wins, "Park usage numbers increase despite major problems with vandalism and limited facilities", https://www.nps.gov/npsa/learn/nature/upload/NatHistGuideAS09.pdf, Natural History Guide to American Samoa, 3rd Edition, https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/5094344.pdf. Biologists estimate that there are over two million toads on Tutuila. [129], The unemployment rate was 29.8% in 2005, but has been improved to 23.8% as of 2010[update]. Other special birds to Manu’a are the Lesser shrikebill and the Friendly ground-dove. Just click on the location you desire for a postal code/address for your mails destination. In 1918, during the final stages of World War I, the flu pandemic had taken its toll, spreading rapidly from country to country. After World War I, during the time of the Mau movement in Western Samoa (then a League of Nations mandate governed by New Zealand), there was a corresponding American Samoa Mau movement led by Samuelu Ripley, a World War I veteran who was from Leone village, Tutuila. A native of Leone, Kaino moved to New Zealand when he was four. The first shell struck the rear of Frank Shimasaki's store, ironically owned by one of Tutuila's few Japanese residents. In 2017, GDP in American Samoa decreased by 5.8%, but in 2018 it increased by 2.2%.[121]. The astronauts landed several hundred miles from Pago and were transported to the islands en route back to the mainland. American Samoa is the southernmost reach of the United States at fourteen degrees below the equator.[109]. As. This incident gave Samoa a reputation for savagery that kept Europeans away until the arrival of the first Christian missionaries four decades later. On January 30, 1974, Pan Am Flight 806 from Auckland, New Zealand crashed at Pago Pago International Airport at 10:41 pm, with 91 passengers aboard. Leagues improved and organized better after the completion of the Veterans Memorial Stadium. He also played a crucial role in the Rugby World Cup 2011 playing every match in the tournament. [144] The government of American Samoa itself does not impose estate or gift taxes. In December 2019, U.S. District Judge Clark Waddoups struck down 8 U.S.C. Ground Floor. The opening ceremony became extravagant where the U.S. Army Reserve carried the torch from Tula and Leone. Samoans have tended to emigrate instead to New Zealand, whose influence has made the sports of rugby and cricket more popular in the western Samoan islands. 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