In other words, they sent a clear signal to the underworld that they can do whatever they please, and it doesn't matter if they knew what they were doing or not," said Predoiu. Vigorously investigate and prosecute trafficking cases under the trafficking statute and punish convicted traffickers, including complicit officials, with significant prison sentences. Romanian Business News - ACTMedia :: Services|About us|Contact| RSS. A Europol priority. Romanian women are found in prostitution rings all around Europe, and forced labor is also a problem. The 2017 US State Department Trafficking in Persons Report states that: “Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including sex trafficking victims from Italy and Armenia” (United States Department of State, 2017, p. 363). As a result, overextended officers handled multiple cases simultaneously and struggled to build strong cases for prosecutors. • Significantly increase resources for, and the quality of, specialized victim services for children, including by training local child protection officers who work with victims and ensuring they have the necessary resources, such as funding. The National Institute for Magistrates conducted a workshop on international judicial cooperation and techniques for investigating trafficking, identification, referral, and assistance; 14 prosecutors and judges participated. Furthermore, in the event traffickers’ assets were not seized but a guilty verdict was reached, the government could pay material damages for documented expenses, such as medical bills. These penalties are sufficiently stringent and commensurate with penalties prescribed for other serious crimes such as rape. Minors represent nearly 50 percent of identified trafficking victims in Romania. Trafficking in Persons Report -Report Home Page Released by the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons June 12, 2007 Country Narratives -- Countries Q through Z. QATAR (Tier 3) Qatar is a destination for men and women trafficked for the purposes of involuntary servitude and, to a lesser extent, commercial sexual exploitation. The total number of identified trafficking victims in the period 2011-2015 was 4,622 (2011: 1,048; 2012: 1,041; These cases have induced complex documentation that has resulted in the dismantling of specialized networks in both sexual assault and labor exploitation. "Unfortunately, it is obvious that the report is correct. While the government did not collect data on complicit officials, NGOs, journalists, and human rights activists reported alleged complicity in trafficking crimes by government officials, particularly with officials exploiting minors and acting as accomplices to traffickers. • Provide knowledgeable legal counsel and courtroom protections for victims assisting prosecutions. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. • Revise the restitution mechanism to include minimizing court fees and increasing efforts to ensure victims receive reparation. • Significantly increase resources for, and the quality of, specialized victim services for children, including by training local child protection officers who work with victims and ensuring they have the necessary resources, such as funding. However, if victims did not obtain restitution in court, the government could reimburse for expenses related to hospitalization, material damage caused by the traffickers, and revenues victims lost while being trafficked. Anti-trafficking legislation and measures in the Romanian context were triggered mostly by the need to respond to internal trafficking of persons and to the trafficking of human beings for whom Romania is a country of origin. The report lists states, “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. The government maintained three government-run shelters designated for trafficking victims with the capacity to accommodate 18 adults; the shelters also housed domestic violence victims. for Project Rescue Children, 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report: Romania. Please contact us! As in past years, fewer than half of identified victims received assistance. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 Check out the more recent 2020 country report here and possibly a later, full TIP Report here : CAUTION: The following links have been culled from the web to illuminate the situation in Romania. The hotline provided services in Romanian and English and primarily focused on informing Romanians about working abroad safely. Moreover, anti-trafficking efforts varied across the country, with some counties maintaining fewer staff and resources than other counties. The Romanian mafia is an intricate network, which spans across Europe, specialising in sex trafficking. In other words, this situation has a culprit - it is the former PSD government. Moreover, a lack of sufficient government funding for assistance and protection services endured, leaving most victims without services, susceptible to re-traumatization, and at risk of re-trafficking. Human Trafficking (7-10 Billion USD Industry) 79% of all global trafficking is for sexual exploitation. Since then, I have met regularly with the minister of justice, the minister of the interior and others. Authorities often charged suspected traffickers for crimes other than trafficking, such as pandering and pimping. Likewise, NGOs noted that limited dedicated financial investigators—eight covering the entire country—restricted financial investigations and asset seizures, inhibiting evidence collection in trafficking cases to corroborate witness testimony. © 2020 created by Beinc. Authorities opened 532 new trafficking cases in 2019, a decrease from 695 in 2018 and 675 in 2017. Child protection services managed only two centers that focused specifically on child trafficking victims. Seven victims of Romanian origin were brought to safety, among them two minors. Human trafficking became a topic of public concern in the 1990s due, in part, to the fall of the former Soviet Union, the resulting migration flows, and the increasing concern about the growth of transnational criminal organizations operating globally. 263 - Trafficking in Migrants and Law 678/2001 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (Article 12 - Trafficking in Human Beings and Article 13 - Trafficking in Minors). Public officials and NGOs identified 698 victims in 2019 (518 sex trafficking; 138 labor trafficking, including forced begging and forced theft; and 42 victims of attempted trafficking), an increase from 497 in 2018 and 662 in 2017. JusMin Predoiu: Human trafficking and organised crime have reached intolerable levels. Young women from rural or marginalised areas and those with the lowest levels of education are the most likely to fall into the hands of traffickers for purpose of sexual exploitation. In May 2019, DIICOT indicted the former police chief of a southeastern Romanian town for allegedly protecting a trafficking network while leading the local police inspectorate. BUCHAREST, 6 November 2019 – OSCE Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings Valiant Richey conducted an official visit to Romania this week. However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. Academic reports and news articles illustrated the effect traffickers were having on individuals and communities around the world. Romania is a significant source country for many of Europe’s trafficked people. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. In 2011, Romanian authorities investigated 897 human trafficking cases, in contrast to 717 cases investigated in 2010. Alleged complicity in trafficking crimes persisted without punishment, particularly with officials exploiting minors while in the care of government-run homes or placement centers. - U.S. State Dept Trafficking in Persons Report, June, 2009 Check out the more recent 2020 country report here and possibly a later, full TIP Report here Romanian authorities also participated in a pan-European case led by Europol involving child trafficking, which resulted in 34 arrests. The United States is committed to using all available law enforcement resources to help the Romanian authorities put an end to the shame of human trafficking. Romania. The government continued to implement its 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan, but it did not allocate financial resources to any of the activities or goals. While ANITP drafted a new mechanism in 2018 with the support of NGOs, the government did not implement it during the reporting period. persons during the reporting period through raising public awareness of human traf!cking and implementing its National Plan for Combating Human Trafficking for 2010-2015; however, the government did not reform Qatar’s sponsorship law, which contributes to forced labor in the country. • Amend legislation to allow for financial support to NGOs for victim services and develop and institute a formal mechanism for administering the funds. If things have reached this intolerable point, it is because those who led at that time the Ministry of Interior, Carmen Dan, the Chamber of Deputies head, Liviu Dragnea, the Ministry of Justice - Florin Iordache, did not take measures in due time, pretended not to see this phenomenon, destroyed the legislation that strengthened justice, paralyzed the investigative capacity of the prosecutor's offices, discouraged the action of the policemen. In the process of implementing the article 19 of the EU Directive on Trafficking in Human Beings 2011/36, Romanian authorities opted for an equivalent mechanism to a national rapporteur assigning ANITP, within the Ministry of Internal Affairs, to carry out the provided tasks. Additionally, the government published the names of all trial witnesses, including minors, on the internet, putting victim-witnesses at risk of retaliation. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. With the support of the United States, they have made sustained efforts to prosecute human trafficking offences, but more needs to be done," he said.Zuckerman said the US report was correct, but fortunately the number of prosecutions was steadily rising. Experts report a rise in Romanian … ROMANIA: Tier 2. • Allocate adequate financial resources for the implementation of the 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan. Romania is a destination country for a limited number of foreign trafficking victims, including migrants from Africa, Europe, and South and Southeast Asia, exploited in the construction, hotel, and food-processing industries. Authorities investigated, prosecuted, and convicted fewer traffickers. With these socioeconomic conditions, Romania is one of the countries in the EU with the greatest number of persons falling victim to human trafficking. Consequently, NGOs claimed the actual number of victims was higher than the reported number. • Expand efforts to train officials involved in judicial proceedings, particularly judges, on working with trafficking cases and victims, sensitivity to trafficking issues, and understanding all forms of trafficking. These efforts included identifying significantly more trafficking victims, participating in twice as many international investigations, and conducting more awareness campaigns. Furthermore, NGOs expressed concern about ANITP’s capabilities, noting its limited capacity, decrepit infrastructure, and lack of authority, funds, and support from the government. The Trafficking in Persons Report, or the TIP Report, is an annual report issued by the U.S. State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.It ranks governments based on their perceived efforts to acknowledge and combat human trafficking. During the reporting period, a court acquitted 25 alleged traffickers in the notorious “Tandarei” child trafficking case, in which the court tried the alleged traffickers under a law that provided lesser penalties and a shorter statute of limitations. NGOs paid for all psychological services costs for victims due to the government’s refusal to reimburse psychologists who assisted victims. human trafficking on the rise in romania. Moreover, a lack of sufficient government funding for assistance and protection services endured, leaving most victims without services, susceptible to re-traumatization, and at risk of re-trafficking. While the criminal code prohibited Romania-based recruitment companies from facilitating the exploitation of citizens abroad, the government did not have the power to punish recruitment agencies for crimes that contribute to trafficking, such as illegal recruitment fees. Courts convicted 120 traffickers in 2019, continuing a multi-year decline from 130 in 2018 and 222 in 2017. • Amend legislation to allow authorities to sanction recruiting agencies for crimes contributing to trafficking. The government did not impose mandatory minimum standards on the quality of victim assistance, and as a result, assistance varied greatly depending on the facility. The government made efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts, including awareness campaigns aimed at educating purchasers on the role and demand of sex trafficking in commercial sex. The Romanian authorities opened 532 new trafficking cases in 2019, a decrease from 695 in 2018 and 675 in 2017. Trafficking of people has not been recognised as a particular sort of worldwide crime until recently and therefore it still comes under the UN office on drugs and crime rather than a separate department of its own. According to the Government Decision no. [2]. As the US Department of State report noted, last year, human trafficking intensified, and its forms diversified, which is due to a certain impunity that the organised crime sensed and speculated. The government decreased law enforcement efforts. Since Romania joined the European Union it has been actively taking strides to decrease the prevalence of trafficking within the country and as a source country for trafficking throughout the region. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. From the 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report “Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subjected to forced labor and women and children subjected to sex trafficking. This is the time for Parliament to take action and protect the people it represents," he said. We are committed to restoring and empowering the rights of every child. In 2019, 49 percent (339) of identified victims received assistance from public institutions, public-private partnerships, and NGOs, compared with 48 percent in 2018 and 46 percent in 2017. ANPDCA also reported local child protection services, which were supposed to provide service to trafficking victims, lacked the necessary knowledge that would allow them to justify funding requests for specialized services. • Significantly increase anti-trafficking training for law enforcement officials on working with victims, evidence collection, and understanding psychological coercion. https://www.state.gov/reports/2020-trafficking-in-persons-report/romania/. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. It involves the exploitation of vulnerable persons traded by criminals as commodities for the sole purpose of economic gain. The ATIPD maintained dedicated anti-trafficking task force (ATTF) police units throughout the country and increased the number of regional offices from 32 to 60 in 2019. Trafficking for sexual exploitation is also believed to be the most profitable form of modern slavery, with each victim generating almost 10 times the profits for their exploiter than the average level, according to research. According to Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, the Government of Romania does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. Intelligence reports pointed to sex trafficking and forms of forced labor as some of these organizations’ largest sources of profit. Nationality of victims: Most victims throughout the EU were from Romania and Bulgaria. "I am calling on the leadership of Parliament: start working immediately with the government to enact the necessary legislation to quickly prosecute these criminals, to confiscate the proceeds from human trafficking, to better protect victims and to repair the damage caused by the former government, damages which encouraged offenders. Burma’s Central Body for the Suppression of Trafficking in Persons (CBTIP) coordinated the government’s anti-trafficking efforts, including training for the ATIPD offices. Services for child trafficking victims remained inadequate. Romanian women and children are victims of sex trafficking in Romania and other European … A number of 11 organised groups were closed down, and 79 people were detained. The European Commission Eurostat Trafficking in human beings 2013. The fight against human trafficking, as well as many other forms of transnational organized crime, is extremely difficult. 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