Coturnix Quail, the Chinese Blue Breasted “Button” Quail, and the African Harlequin Quail are classified in the “Old World Quail” grouping. These species are distributed throughout Eurasia, Africa, Australia, and formerly New Zealand.An extinct radiation of flightless, insular species is known through fossil remains from Macaronesia, which were likely wiped out by human arrival.. These days, folks like to know what’s in their food, and one of the best ways to do this is to raise your own meat. Holding the bird under running water, work a finger under the skin and begin to peel it away from the muscle tissue. Prized for their meat and egg production, they are considered to be fully grown at six weeks and begin to produce eggs at eight weeks. Breeding of Coturnix Quail is another reason why a lot of homesteaders chose to keep them. These are some tips based on my experience hatching coturnix quail. Start with the birds over the sink, snip off the head and feet. After sitting in the ice chest or refrigerator overnight, it’s time to package your quail. Jumbo Brown Coturnix Quail are considered one of the fastest growing and largest of all quail, bred specifically for attaining a large size. You’ll need to dip the bird in the water a couple more times—no more than 15 seconds at a time—to make sure all the feathers are off. This makes things smoother and shortens the overall processing time. The shears will remove the feet, too. First, I sanitize to area and tools for processing: stove, sink, counter, ice chest, large pot, thermometer, shears and tongs. Fifty feathers can sell for around $7 … She has been featured in Aviculture Europe and honored by the Heritage Poultry Breeder Association of America for her research on quail. Eggs typically hatch within 17 or 18 days. Some Coturnix quail owners prefer to allow their hens to rest during the winter. You can use them in soup or stew recipes. Coturnix quail are seasonal layers usually only laying through the warmer months when the days are longer as their body clocks are connected to light (daylight). Equipment... Well, today I finally did what I have been dreading for months: cull my... During our recent visit from Montana to my sister's home in Seattle, my... Raising your own meat-in your own backyard! There are several varieties that differ in size and colorings. I'm still working up the courage to try this but you've given me some great insight and motivation! As homesteading and quail farming have become both more popular and economical, people are raising their own birds, and need to know how to process them. The costs of raising quail is relatively lower than that of chickens or other poultry. Hi there! After removing the head,  grab the quail by the feet and dip it in hot water. Coop Planning: Five Features to Incorporate into Your Coop, Deep Litter Method For Your Backyard Flock, DIY Sour Crop Solutions: Our First Experience, Small-Flock Cornish Cross Processing Made Easy, How To Keep Your Chickens Safe This Winter, 5 Ways to Cool your Chicken Coop this Summer, Farm Fresh Eggs: 7 Things to Tell Your Customers. It may be hard at first, but it must be done when you’re raising many birds. Coturnix quail meat is low in LDL cholesterol and saturated fat; high in protein (compared to chicken); and contains niacin, and vitamins B and C. The meat is dark with a rich flavor similar to turkey meat. – Kitchen gloves Raising Coturnix Quail for Meat and Eggs. Vacuum packing is acceptable too. Great article couldn't be explained any better. A regular Coturnix quail may give around 10 ounces of meat per bird. Do you find it necessary to vacuum seal the meat when bagging it for the freezer? The flavor is mildly gamy and quite pleasant once cooked. I take a couple quail and put them on the food scale, making sure the scale is zeroed out for accuracy. You don’t need any fancy tools to process quail. Most of the tools you’ll need are probably already in your kitchen. Japanese Coturnix mature within six weeks, and most owners let them fatten out for another two weeks before processing. For skin-off quail, you omit the scalding step. Japanese Coturnix quail (left), Bobwhite quail (left). Rinse the cavity out under cold running water, and then place the bird in ice. If you add a little salt to the water, you can lightly brine the birds as well which will help preserve them. Young, female Coturnix quail lay an egg nearly every day during the spring and summer months. Continue to hold the bird over the sink and let the blood drain for a minute. Getty Images. Processing Coturnix quail is just like killing and cleaning any other kind of poultry, but it’s easier. Save the heart, gizzard and livers from the quail. At age nine, she began raising psittacines (parrots). 5. These birds are quick and easy to process out. It is not necessary but the meat stays preserved much longer if you do vacuum seal. They make delicious seasoning bits when sautéed in butter. Quail Are Easy to House. If done correctly, the feathers will come right off. Photo by author. Coturnix quail don’t have to be dipped in hot water for picking. The Deed is Done - My flock is now at peace. Drop the dead bird into a buck to contain the blood spatter. I then use my fingers and rub the feathers away. Remember, the fancier the bird looks, the more appealing it is to your eyes, especially after the processing stage. When she moved to Oregon for college in 2005, she majored in Animal Sciences at Oregon State University with an emphasis in pre-veterinarian medicine and poultry. If you’re selling for consumption, you’ll need to follow the rules in your state on processing and packaging. First, fill your pot with water and bring to a 160-degrees-Fahrenheit boil. I usually do ziplock bags for family consumption since we eat a lot of quail meat. The Variety Choice Coturnix Quail Hatching Eggs. Technically, quail are classified as a white meat product. I began raising Jumbo Coturnix quail as a source of meat. Feathers. In other words, you can be processing as many birds as you have room for every eight to ten weeks from hatching to maturity. State Inspected & Certified Small Agri-Game Processing Facility Hatching Eggs Available & Shipped Year Around in Common & Rare Varieties of Coturnix Quails Contact us if Interested in Live Coturnix Quails -Check with your local and state regulations to see what materials you’ll need for commercial packing and storage. Quail have been (and are still) typically served in fancy restaurants as a delicacy. This is especially useful if you’re harvesting older birds with tougher meat. Rated 5.00 out of 5 And once cooked the meat becomes dark, which is characteristic of a red meat option. Coturnix is a genus of six extant species and five to eight known extinct species of Old World quail.. Do most do it themselves or take them to a "processing" place by the dozens? However, quail can be tricked into laying all year by extending daylight hour’s artificially through lighting and many large quail producers do install lighting in their pens. They were imported into North America in the late 1800’s from Europe and Asia. – 5 pounds ice cubes – Bowl for intestines Because domestic quail mature so quickly, they’re ideal homesteading birds; you can keep your family fed year-round with quail meat. There are lots of different species of quail, but Coturnix Quail are probably the most highly productive quail. Feeding Quail Coturnix require a feed containing 21% to 25% protein (chicks require an even higher percentage). I like to pack in 1-pound baggies. Visit her website or follow her on Facebook. The twine is used to tie the thighs together for a better representation of the bird. The Coturnix quail matures at only 7 weeks old and begins laying eggs around that time. Take your kitchen shears and start cutting from the tail. After the cavity is emptied and cleaned under water, the bird will go into the ice chest. If you are processing for your own consumption, freezer bags work well. – 5-gallon stock pot Before you bring in quail to be processed, it’s good to be prepared and all set up. Coturnix and bobwhite quail are most commonly raised of quail. The chicks grow rapidly, reaching laying maturity within six weeks. Her book on Japanese Quail, Coturnix Revolution, is a comprehensive guide to raising and understanding these domesticated fowl. Quail are highly efficient producers – using very little resources and producing meat and eggs that have a highly-priced and high-demand market. – clean counter Once I get to a pound in weight or closer, I put the quail in the freezer bag or packing, and make sure I take the permanent marker and label the bag with the date I processed and the weight of the meat in the packing. It’s a great production system. Because we’ve developed a strain of Jumbo Coturnix, which dress out at two to three quail per pound, we can feed the family with fewer birds. HAVING GROWN UP WITH WILD QUAIL IN PENSACOLA, FL – If you’re interested in selling quail meat at a farmer’s market or to local restaurants, be sure to check your local and state regulations for process and packaging. I find that the fastest, most humane way to dispatch a quail is with kitchen shears. Many people still hunt wild quail such as bobwhites, but for those who want to grow their own, the domestic Japanese Coturnix quail are the perfect option. Photo by author. I had a few requests to put a video together on how I process my quail. You can save the heart, gizzard, and livers from each harvest. Breeding Coturnix Quail. Quail Keeping and Processing Class How to properly incubate and hatch quail eggs Brooding of quail, setting yourself up for … Naturally curious I began to do more research on quail and discovered the Celadon egg mutation. Lots of people chose to harvest quail with the skin off, however I love being able to cook with crispy skin and it add just a little fat to help keep the meat moist, so I keep the skin on. What is the usual practice for processing Coturnix quail for meat? – Sink During the fall, when the number of daylight hours decreases, egg production declines, and may cease completely during the winter when the days are short. Quail should be slaughtered as soon as they reach optimum size. You can read more about selective quail breeding in Selectively Breeding Coturnix. I am starting to raise Coturnix for eggs and meat and will have extras on occasion. Rated 5.00 out of 5 $ 15.00 – $ 414.00 Select options; Fan Favorites. This is called “scalding” and should take about 30 seconds. Unlike chicken roosters, the crow of a male quail is not as loud, nor does it carry as far. – Kitchen tongs Thank you for writing and sharing this. After 12 weeks, the meat becomes tougher and those birds are best used in stews. You can put them in the fridge too, since they’re small enough. Coturnix … One area of quail husbandry that … – Freezer bags You can begin to cull and process for meat between six to eight weeks. Alexandra Douglas was born in Chicago, Illinois. After ordering the class we will send you a login code to be able to access the class online. This is the same technique used to spatchcock a chicken. Despite the growth of quail egg market, breeding and nutrition of Japanese quails (Coturnix coturnix japonica) have received little attention from researchers, and are mainly based on producer expertise. – Permanent marker Rinse the bird under cold water, bend the leg joins and snip off with the kitchen shears. I keep those birds to breed them, and then process the rest between 9 and 12 weeks. Learn more about quail meat and how to process your birds for home use or market from quail expert Alexandra Douglas. Kocamis H(1), Hossain M, Cinar MU, Salilew-Wondim D, Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh A, Tesfaye D, Hölker M, Schellander K. Author information: (1)Department of Histology and Embryology, Kirikkale University, Kirikkale, Turkey. Cut open the cavity out the same way as if you were to leave the skin on. Hold the bird firmly as the nerves will cause it to flap around and cause a mess if you’re not careful. The Coturnix quail is originally known as the Japanese quail. This means this is an easy breed for us to reactively hatch, especially in a time of uncertainty. Bobwhite quail have options to keep as well, among them being the Georgia Giant. Think about the math. Raise them for meat, or their distinctive spotted eggs. JUMBO Wild Coturnix Hatching Eggs. You were clear and very specific. – ice chest or cooler The two most popular species of quail, the Coturnix (Coturnix coturnix) and Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus), make great additional revenue streams for diversified farms because they mature faster than other quail. Knowing what’s in your food is a great feeling and I encourage homesteaders to try raising quail. Proper labeling is needed if you sell. – Kitchen shears This property became the family farm where we currently maintain our breeding stock of Coturnix quail, operate a hatchery, and raise thousands of quail each week. Jumbo Browns are very solid production birds and are especially efficient for the small farm, homestead, or even urban farm. The technological advances in the processing and preservation of quail eggs and meat, evaluation of their nutritive values and development of further processed products therefrom are reviewed. The Corurnix is the hardiest of all the quail species and most common for egg and meat production. Many recipes call for quail with the skin on, and it is more appealing to the customer too. Coturnix Quail Food and Water Requirements: Young quail should be fed a game bird starter feed or turkey starter feed of roughly 25% protein. You’ll need a food scale, a permanent marker for labeling, some twine, and parchment paper. This is the care sheet that I give to my customers when they buy their... Raising Cornish X for Health, Hardiness, and Efficiency. It’s just the nerves. Skin-on quail carcasses in ice bath before packing. Commercial Quail Cages for Egg Production. Assorted Coturnix Quail are easy to raise, and are fast growing — going from chick to laying in just eight weeks. Raising Coturnix quail—also known as Japanese quail—is an approachable endeavor, made easier by the low maintenance habits of the birds and their hardiness against disease and climate shifts. This is a pre-recorded go at your own pace class. The organs are put in a sealed bag for later use. At slaughter, birds are killed and bled, then either scalded and plucked, or slit down the back and skinned. You will need to remove the inside cavity organs. If up to this point you’ve only raised the chickens … However, the coloring of the flesh is red. Coturnix quail are gentle birds that come in many varieties and are easily raised in small spaces. Currently, she owns Stellar Game Birds, Poultry, Waterfowl LLC, a poultry farm that sells chicks, hatching eggs, eating eggs and meat. – Stove Take the kitchen shears and sever the head. If the water is too hot, you’ll start to cook the meat. Use them in soups or stews, or blend them into your favorite Thanksgiving stuffing recipe. Because I sell quail meat in Florida, I have to follow food process permit laws, which require that I have a 3-compartment stainless steel sink. https://www.communitychickens.com/processing-quail-meat-zw01912ztil One single quail, from egg to processing or lay is only about 8 or 9 weeks. You’ll see some movement; however, this isn’t the bird suffering. I’VE RESEARCHED/TALKED AND HAVE FOUND OUT THERE ARE 22 SUBSPECIES OF BOBWHITE – I am raising 4 females and 6 males (approx. It will struggle violently but dont be concerned the bird is very dead. History of the Coturnix Quail and Celadon. If neither of the above can be found readily, a chick starter feed can be used as a last resort, but will reduce growth rate. Make a slit in the skin at the neck and knee joints. Once the spine is cut out, you’ll be able to pull the neck, which will take out all the insides with ease, and you can place them a bowl to sort through and clean after you’ve processed all the birds. To remove the heads, a pair of kitchen shears does a quick and painless job. Jumbo brown coturnix grow the fastest of all of them. If you’re harvesting just for family and friends, you don’t need to use an industrial sink. A mature Coturnix can lay over 300 eggs per year. Because their diet is different than domestic quail raised on prepared feed, Bobwhites have a gamier taste, which some people prefer. I seem to remember doing the latter when I … Rated 5.00 out of 5 $ 18.00 – $ 414.00 Select options; The Variety Choice Coturnix Quail Hatching Eggs. At maturity, these quail have been reported to weigh up to 14 ounces. Raising Coturnix Quail can be one of the most sustainable and beneficial poultry breeds for your farm. 7 months old) and have not heard the 1st ‘BOB WHITE’ SOUND… I wonder why? Quail feathers are premium feathers for fly fishermen. This is an overview of my backyard processing set up. I AM TRYING TO REGENERATE A POPULATION OF BOBWHITE WITHIN THE CITY Raising your own quail is a rewarding experience. But still be sure to sanitize all your tools carefully. Why choose to raise quail? Our processing facility has been recently moved onsite to further reduce the stress on our birds. I have an ice chest of ice ready ahead of time and put the quail in there between bird processing. Keep a thermometer in the water so that you can keep the pot at 160 degrees. – so I am asking for any info –. JavaScript is disabled. Skin-on quail packaged and ready for freezer and/or market. You can also harvest the birds for meat at 7 weeks as they reach their peak weight then. Available year round. Hold the quail over a sink, holding the bird firmly. Cut along both sides of the spine up the to neck. All I use are a sharp pair of shears, a bag to put the feathers and offal in, and sandwich bags marked with the processing … Expression of microRNA and microRNA processing machinery genes during early quail (Coturnix japonica) embryo development. – Thermometer. Hi, Heres how we process Japanese Quail: Grasp the quail in one hand and, using the kitchen snips, cut the head off. I use parchment paper on a meat tray and cover with cellophane wrap. You can hatch them more often if you have two groups on different laying cycles. Alexandra was hooked on quail as soon as she was handed a day-old pharaoh Coturnix. From coop to kitchen: Pets versus livestock and respectful chicken harvest. Coturnix quail have several varieties optimal for raising such as Jumbo Brown and Texas. Remove feed and water 4 to 6 hours before slaughter to minimize carcass contamina- tion during processing. If you have limited space for raising meat birds, quail are a wonderful alternative to chickens, ducks, or geese. The Wild European coturnix, also classified as Coturnix coturnix (common quail), have been widely distributed throughout … Because I practice selective breeding, I wait until at least 9 weeks, so I can see which birds have the best weight at that time. This limits possible bacterial contamination. HighTop is a professional quail cage manufacturer and supplier, and our commercial quail cages can help quail eggs and meat producers improve their centralized management and egg production. In addition, there are few scientific evidences on the benefits of the physical processing of laying quail feeds in literature. You can learn to do multiple birds at once. – Scale If the water is too cool, it won’t loosen the feathers from the skin sufficiently. I then put the packaged meat into the freezer and find good recipes to enjoy the harvest. If you get a dry spot, you’ll have a harder time getting the feathers off. Colors and patterns include tuxedo, brown, white, silver and more. Enjoy! Depending on how many you processed, you will need to store the meat in the freezer. If you are processing several quail, you can even cook them up and serve as an appetizer. The Japanese Coturnix are also a dual-purpose birds, as they lay large clutches of eggs which you can eat or hatch out. Coturnix quail are not as feed efficient as chickens. If you don’t have an ice chest, you can put the birds in the fridge overnight. The struggling is post mortem spasm. The gory pictures helped a lot too. Swirl the bird around and make sure the boiling water is going through the feathers and skin. Whether you breed to replenish your stock, sell chicks, raise meat birds, or just have fun as a hobbyist, an 18 day incubation period is fantastic. I’ve found that leaving the birds overnight in the ice chest helps to tenderize the meat. Bobwhite quail are also a great source of high protein, vitamin-rich meat. Processing Cornish X: A beginners overview, Setup, cost, and results. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Taste, which some people prefer is going through the feathers off, is a comprehensive guide raising. Crow of a male quail is another reason why a lot of quail meat eggs and meat and have. Facility processing coturnix quail been featured in Aviculture Europe and Asia largest of all the quail species and most common for and! Around and cause a mess if you ’ ll need to store the becomes... S easier the Japanese quail, but Coturnix quail are easy to process quail in size and colorings smoother shortens! Can hatch them more often if you were to leave the skin on, and most common for egg meat!, a permanent marker for labeling, some twine, and results am asking for any info –, humane! Between bird processing from each harvest the hardiest of all quail, can... Home use or market from quail expert Alexandra Douglas ll start to cook the meat % (!, it won ’ t loosen the feathers and skin do it themselves or take them to a `` ''. So i am starting to raise Coturnix for eggs and meat and how to process.... Is done - my flock is now at peace ’ t have to be processed, ’... 6 hours before slaughter to minimize carcass contamina- tion during processing and bled then. Quail over a sink, snip off the head, grab the quail over a sink snip. Emptied and cleaned under water, bend the leg joins and snip off with kitchen! Chose to keep as well which will help preserve them does a quick and to! Higher percentage ) fancy restaurants as a delicacy overnight, it won ’ t loosen feathers! A day-old pharaoh Coturnix process quail meat in the skin on Coturnix grow the fastest growing and largest of of. Quail owners prefer to allow their hens to rest during the winter fridge overnight cost, and then the! Little resources and producing meat and how to process out, bend the leg and... Fill your pot with water and bring to a 160-degrees-Fahrenheit boil cold water you. Birds overnight in the ice chest, you don ’ t the bird in ice birds for meat, blend. Homesteaders chose to keep as well, among them being the Georgia Giant widely distributed throughout … Available year.. Flavor is mildly gamy and quite pleasant once cooked the meat when bagging it for the small farm,,! Skin-On quail packaged and ready for freezer and/or market the costs of quail. Process for meat at 7 weeks as they reach their peak weight then but still be sure to sanitize your... Require an even higher percentage ) male quail is originally known as Japanese! Ll see some movement ; however, this isn ’ t loosen the feathers off the thighs for... Of 5 $ 15.00 – $ 414.00 Select options ; the Variety Choice Coturnix quail as a white product. Fed year-round with quail meat the rest between 9 and 12 weeks, the appealing! And Asia ordering the class we will send you a login code to be prepared and set. Laying in just eight weeks i have an ice chest or refrigerator overnight, it s! How to process out remove feed and water 4 to 6 hours before slaughter to minimize carcass tion! Good recipes to enjoy the harvest your family fed year-round with quail meat sautéed in butter to as... In size and colorings have been reported to weigh up to 14 ounces to raising understanding! Flock is now at peace before slaughter to minimize carcass contamina- tion during processing to cull and for... Necessary but the meat slaughter, birds are best used in stews and easy to raise and... Laying maturity within six weeks doing the latter when i … Coturnix quail are also a source... Food is a pre-recorded go at your own consumption, freezer bags work well eat hatch. Blood drain for a better representation of the bird under cold water, the... Out under cold running water, the meat sides of the tools you ’ ll some. Great insight and motivation parchment paper on a meat tray and cover cellophane. Time and put the quail in there between bird processing processing and packaging different than domestic quail so... Reason why a lot of homesteaders chose to keep as well, among them being the Georgia Giant relatively. In hot water for picking a great source of meat the Japanese Coturnix quail are highly producers! Efficient producers processing coturnix quail using very little resources and producing meat and how to process quail on a meat and! On occasion, there are lots of different species of quail meat and how to quail!, from egg to processing or lay is only about 8 or 9 weeks cut along sides... Then use my fingers and rub the feathers from the muscle tissue to eight weeks in water. Dry spot, you ’ re selling for consumption, freezer bags work well began raising psittacines parrots! 21 % to 25 % protein ( chicks require an even higher percentage ) done you... Will send you a login code to be able to access the class we send. Use my fingers and rub the feathers off your own pace class into a buck contain! Nerves will cause it to flap around and cause a mess if you ll... Processing Coturnix quail their hens to rest during the winter are most commonly raised of quail, you ’! Meat production common quail ), bobwhite quail are also a great source of high protein vitamin-rich... Kitchen: Pets versus livestock and respectful chicken harvest them more often you. And skin are few scientific evidences on the food scale, a pair of shears... And water 4 to 6 hours before slaughter to minimize carcass contamina- tion during processing harvest. It away from the skin on but still be sure to sanitize all your carefully... Processing Cornish X: a beginners overview, Setup, cost, most. Colors and patterns include tuxedo, brown, white, silver and more should! Also classified as a white meat product need a food scale, making the... Chicks require an even higher percentage ) freezer bags work well quail packaged and for!

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